Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection of gum tissues and the bone holding the teeth. When left untreated, gum disease leads to severe long-term complications, including tooth loss. Gum disease occurs due to excessive accumulation of plaque, calculus, and tartar-often as a result of poor oral hygiene. Other factors that increase your susceptibility to periodontal disease include excessive smoking, many medications, genetic predisposition, hormonal changes as well as decreased immunity such as patients with rheumatological disorders, dialysis, organ transplants, and those undergoing chemotherapy.
Gum disease begins as mild inflammation, also known as gingivitis, and if left untreated, often progresses to acute or chronic periodontal disease. Severe infection symptoms include red or swollen gums, bad breath, loose teeth, pain when chewing, bleeding when brushing, unexplained bleeding, and receding gums. If you have any of these symptoms, you need to seek periodontal gum disease treatment in Covina, CA, immediately.
Our periodontal dentist has many years of experience providing periodontal treatment to patients who want to halt the damage caused by gum disease. After a thorough evaluation, our dentist will determine the best form of periodontal therapy for you. Usually, we prefer a conservative approach to treatment, where we first explore non-surgical options before resorting to other more invasive, surgical measures where necessary.
Scaling and root planing, sometimes referred to as deep cleaning, is the first treatment for periodontal disease. Scaling involves removing plaque and calculus deposits that are above and below the gum line. Root planing is the smoothing of tooth root surfaces to allow for easy tissue healing and deter the attachment of bacteria and plaque.
Depending on our dentist’s assessment near you, you may require topical antibiotics to combat the effects of the bacterial activity. The topical antibiotics are applied directly into the pockets of infection after initial periodontal therapy. You may also be prescribed an anti-microbial mouth rinse to deter bacterial activity in your mouth. Additional, conservative, non-surgical alternatives include Perio-Protect and anti-microbial scrubs.
If the periodontal disease remains after scaling and root planing, our dentist may recommend surgical intervention such as bone and tissue grafts.
You can prevent gum disease by observing proper dental hygiene, including scheduling regular dental exams and cleanings with our dentist. If you already have signs of periodontal disease, don’t panic. The dental practice of Jeffrey L. Cohen has all the expertise and dental technology needed to help you overcome this disease.
Contact us today if you’re looking for a patient-centric and leading dental practice that provides the periodontal treatment.