Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection of gum tissues and the bone holding the teeth. Gum disease leads to severe long-term complications when left untreated, including tooth loss. Gum disease occurs due to excessive accumulation of plaque, calculus, and tartar-often due to poor oral hygiene. Other factors that increase your susceptibility to periodontal disease include excessive smoking, taking multiple medications, genetic predisposition, hormonal changes, and decreased immunity, such as those health issues like rheumatological disorders, dialysis, organ transplants, and undergoing chemotherapy.
Gum disease begins as mild inflammation, also known as gingivitis, and if left untreated, often progresses to acute or chronic periodontal disease. Severe infection symptoms include red or swollen gums, bad breath, loose teeth, painful chewing, bleeding when brushing, unexplained bleeding, and receding gums. You must immediately seek periodontal gum disease treatment in Covina, CA, if you have these symptoms.
Scaling And Root Planing
Our periodontal dentist has many years of experience providing periodontal treatment to patients who want to halt the damage caused by gum disease. After a thorough evaluation, our periodontist will determine the best form of periodontal therapy for you. Usually, we prefer a conservative approach to treatment, where we first explore non-surgical options before resorting to other more invasive surgical measures where necessary.
Scaling and root planing, sometimes referred to as deep cleaning, is the first treatment for periodontal disease. Scaling involves removing plaque and calculus deposits above and below the gum line. Root planing is the smoothing of tooth root surfaces to allow for easy tissue healing and deter the attachment of bacteria and plaque.
Depending on our dentist’s assessment near you, you may require topical antibiotics to combat the effects of bacterial activity. The topical antibiotics are applied directly into the pockets of infection after initial periodontal therapy. You may also be prescribed an anti-microbial mouth rinse to deter bacterial activity in your mouth. Additional, conservative, non-surgical alternatives include Perio-Protect and anti-microbial scrubs.
Surgical Treatment Options
If the periodontal disease remains after scaling and root planing, our periodontist may recommend surgical intervention such as bone and tissue grafts.
You can prevent gum disease by observing proper dental hygiene, including scheduling regular dental exams and cleanings with your dentist. If you already have signs of periodontal disease, don’t panic. The dental practice of Jeffrey L. Cohen has all the expertise and dental technology needed to help you overcome this disease.
Contact us today if you’re looking for a patient-centric and leading dental practice that provides the periodontal treatment.